13.2 感叹句结构
 
  感叹句通常有what, how引导,表示赞美、惊叹、喜 悦、等感情。
  what修饰名词,how 修饰形容词,副词或动词,感叹句结构主要有以下几种:
  掌握它的搭配,即掌握了感叹句的重点。

How +形容词+ a +名词+       陈述语序   
How+形容词或副词+         陈述语序
What +名词+            陈述语序
What+a+形容词+名词+        陈述语序
What+ 形容词+复数名词+       陈述语序
What+ 形容词+不可数名词+      陈述语序

How clever a boy he is!
How lovely the baby is!
What noise they are making!
What a clever boy he is!
What wonderful ideas (we have)!
What cold weather it is!
感叹句的省略形式为:
What a clever boy (he is)!

典型例题
1)___ food you've cooked!
A. How a nice  B. What a nice  C. How nice  D. What nice
 答案D. 由于How 修饰形容词,副词;what修饰名词。且food为不可数名词,因此A,B 排除。C How + adj. 后面不能再加名词,因此只有D正确,其句型为What + adj. +n. (不可数)

2)___terrible weather we've been having these days! 
A. What  B. What a  C. How  D. How a 
 答案A. weather为不可数名词,B,D排除。C为how + adj. 后面不应有名词。只有A,符合句型What +形容词+不可数名词。

3) --- _____ I had!
  --- You really suffered a lot.
A. What a time  B. What time   C. How a time   D. how time
 答案A. 感叹句分两类:
     1:What + n.+主谓部分
     2:How + adj. / adv. / v.+主谓部分。本题属第一种,但省略了bad,相对于 What a bad time I had! 这是个习惯用语。






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