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On February 23rd, 1945, during World War Two, US
Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount
Suribachi, where they raised the American flag.
On this date:
In 1822, Boston was granted a charter to
incorporate as a city.
In 1836, the siege
of the Alamo began in San Antonio, Texas.
In 1847, US troops
under General Zachary Taylor defeated Mexican
General Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista
In 1848, the sixth
president of the United States, John Quincy
Adams, died of a stroke at age 80.
President-elect Lincoln arrived secretly in
Washington to take office, an assassination plot
having been foiled in Baltimore.
Mississippi was readmitted to the Union.
In 1927, President
Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio
Commission, forerunner of the Federal
In 1954, the first
mass inoculation of children against polio with
the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
In 1965, Stan
Laurel -- the "skinny" half of the
Laurel and Hardy comedy team -- died in Santa
scientists in Scotland announced they had
succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a
lamb named "Dolly."
Ten years ago:
Former Salvadoran President Jose Napoleon Duarte
died at age 64.
Five years ago:
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above the
four-thousand mark for the first time, ending the
day at four-thousand-three-point-33.
Administration officials said President Clinton
would review dozens of affirmative action
programs. Former US President Jimmy Carter
arrived in Haiti to help prepare for peaceful
One year ago: A
jury in Jasper, Texas, convicted white
supremacist John William King of murder in the
gruesome dragging death of a black man, James
Byrd Junior; King was sentenced to death two days
later. Serbs agreed in principle to give limited
self-rule to majority ethnic Albanians in Kosovo,
thereby avoiding for the time being threatened
NATO air strikes, but the two sides failed to
conclude a deal for ending their yearlong
conflict during talks in Rambouillet, France. The
first of two avalanches that claimed 38 lives
over two days struck in Austria.
"Men are more often
bribed by their loyalties and ambitions than by
Robert H. Jackson, U-S Supreme Court Justice