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On March 12th, 1912, Juliette
Gordon Low founded the Girl Guides, which later
became the Girl Scouts of America.
On this date:
In 1664, New Jersey became a
British colony as King Charles the Second granted
land in the New World to his brother James, the
Duke of York.
In 1925, Chinese
revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen died.
In 1930, Indian
political and spiritual leader Mohandas
K. Gandhi began a 200-mile march to
protest a British tax on salt.
In 1933, President
Roosevelt delivered the first of his radio
"fireside chats," telling Americans
what was being done to deal with the nation's
In 1938, the
"Anschluss" took place as German troops
In 1939, Pope Pius
the 12th was formally crowned in ceremonies at
In 1940, Finland
and the Soviet Union concluded an armistice
during World War Two. (Fighting between the two
countries flared again the following year.)
In 1947, President
Truman established what became known as the
"Truman Doctrine" to help Greece and
Turkey resist Communism.
In 1969, Paul
McCartney married Linda Eastman in London.
In 1980, a Chicago
jury found John Wayne Gacy Junior guilty of the
murders of 33 men and boys. (The next day, Gacy
was sentenced to death; after years on death row,
he was finally executed in May 1994.)
Ten years ago:
Vice President Quayle met in Santiago, Chile,
with Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, who
promised to peacefully relinquish power to
Violeta Chamorro, the US-backed candidate who had
won Nicaragua's presidential election.
Five years ago:
World leaders wound up a weeklong summit in
Copenhagen, Denmark, committing themselves to
fighting poverty, but differing on how to do so.
President Clinton declared 39 California counties
disaster areas after storms and flooding that had
battered two-thirds of the state.
One year ago:
Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic joined
NATO. Violinist Yehudi Menuhin died in Berlin at
"Ill luck, you know,
seldom comes alone."
Miguel de Cervantes, Spanish novelist, dramatist
and poet (1547-1616).