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On July first, 1867, Canada became
a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the
British North America Act took effect.
On this date:
In 1863, the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg
In 1898, during
the Spanish-American War, Theodore Roosevelt and
his "Rough Riders" waged a victorious
assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba.
"pay-as-you-go" income tax withholding
In 1946, the
United States exploded a 20-kiloton atomic bomb
near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
In 1961, Diana,
the princess of Wales, was born near
Sandringham, England. (She died in August 1997 in
a car crash in Paris at age 36.)
In 1963, the US
Post Office inaugurated its five-digit ZIP codes.
In 1968, the
United States, Britain, the Soviet Union and 58
other nations signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation
In 1969, Britain's
Prince Charles was invested as the Prince of
In 1980, "O
Canada" was proclaimed the national anthem
In 1997, Hong Kong
reverted to Chinese rule after 156 years as a
Ten years ago:
East Germans lined up to obtain West German
deutsche marks as a state treaty unifying the
monetary and economic systems of the two Germanys
went into effect.
Five years ago:
Russian President Boris Yeltsin's government
survived a critical no-confidence vote.
Rock-and-roll disc jockey Wolfman Jack died in
Belvidere, North Carolina, at age 57.
One year ago:
Exactly six months before the year 2000, Congress
passed legislation to shield businesses from a
potential flood of Y-2-K computer-related
lawsuits. A gondola in the French Alps ripped
away from its cables, killing 20 people aboard.
African nationalist Joshua Nkomo died in Harare,
Zimbabwe, at age 82. Candy empire founder Forrest
Mars Senior died in Miami at age 95. Movie
director Edward Dmytryk died in Encino,
California, at age 90.
"The past is a
foreign country; they do things differently
L.P. Hartley, British author (1895-1972).