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On July third, 1930, Congress
created the US Veterans Administration.
On this date:
In 1608, the city of Quebec was
founded by Samuel de Champlain.
In 1775, General
George Washington took command of the Continental
Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts.
In 1863, the
three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania, ended in a major victory for the
North as Confederate troops retreated.
In 1890, Idaho
became the 43rd state of the Union.
In 1898, the US
Navy defeated a Spanish fleet in the harbor at
Santiago, Cuba, during the Spanish-American War.
In 1944, during
World War Two, Soviet forces recaptured Minsk.
In 1962, Algeria
became independent after 132 years of French
In 1971, singer
Jim Morrison of The Doors died in Paris at age
In 1986, President
Reagan presided over a gala ceremony in New York
Harbor that saw the relighting of the renovated
Statue of Liberty.
In 1988, the USS
"Vincennes" shot down an Iran Air
jetliner over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290
Ten years ago: In
Moscow, Kremlin hard-liner Yegor K. Ligachev
received an enthusiastic reception at a Communist
Party congress as he criticized reforms by
President Mikhail S. Gorbachev, saying
perestroika had been marred by "limitless
Five years ago:
Irish Republican Army sympathizers rioted in
Northern Ireland's two largest cities in outrage
over the early parole of a British soldier
convicted of killing a Roman Catholic woman.
One year ago:
President Clinton, acting to head off potential
problems with the safety of imported food, said
in his weekly radio address he was ordering
inspectors at American ports to brand all unsafe
and rejected food products, "Refused
"To err is human,
but to really foul things up requires a
Paul Ehrlich, American scientist.