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On July 31st, 1556, St. Ignatius of Loyola,
founder of the Society of Jesus -- the Jesuit
order of Catholic priests and brothers -- died in
In 1498, during his third voyage to the Western
Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus arrived at the
island of Trinidad.
In 1777, the
Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French
nobleman, was made a major-general in the
American Continental Army.
In 1875, the 17th
president of the United States, Andrew
Johnson, died in Carter Station, Tennessee,
at age 66.
In 1919, Germany's
Weimar Constitution was adopted.
In 1948, President
Truman helped dedicate New York International
Airport (later John F. Kennedy International
Airport) at Idlewild Field.
In 1953, Senator
Robert A. Taft of Ohio, known as "Mr.
Republican," died in New York at age 63.
In 1964, the
American space probe "Ranger Seven"
transmitted pictures of the moon's surface.
In 1981, the
leader of Panama, General Omar Torrijos, was
killed in a plane crash.
In 1981, a
seven-week-old Major League Baseball strike
In 1989, a
pro-Iranian group in Lebanon released a grisly
videotape purportedly showing the body of
American hostage William R. Higgins dangling from
Ten years ago:
Pitcher Nolan Ryan of the Texas Rangers became
the 20th major leaguer to win 300 games as he led
his team to victory over the Milwaukee Brewers
11-to-3. Shoal Creek, a private club in
Birmingham, Alabama, that drew criticism for
being all-white, announced it had accepted a
black businessman as an honorary member.
Five years ago:
The Walt Disney Company agreed to acquire Capital
Cities-ABC Incorporated in a $19 billion deal.
One year ago:
Chicago authorities said as many as 46 more
residents had died as a result of a relentless
heat wave that enveloped much of the nation and
produced the hottest July on record in New York
"We tell our
thoughts, like our children, to put on their hats
and coats before they go out."
Henry Watson Fowler, English lexicographer-author