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On August tenth, 1846, Congress
chartered the Smithsonian Institution, named
after English scientist James Smithson, whose
bequest of half a million dollars had made it
On this date:
In 1809, Ecuador struck its first blow for
independence from Spain.
In 1821, Missouri
became the 24th state.
In 1874, Herbert
Clark Hoover, the 31st president of the United
States, was born in West Branch, Iowa.
In 1944, during
World War Two, American forces overcame remaining
Japanese resistance on Guam.
In 1949, the
National Military Establishment was renamed the
Department of Defense.
In 1969, Leno and
Rosemary LaBianca were murdered in their Los
Angeles home by members of Charles Manson's cult,
one day after actress Sharon Tate and four other
people were slain.
television personality David Frost announced he
had purchased the exclusive rights to interview
former President Nixon.
In 1977, postal
employee David Berkowitz was arrested in Yonkers,
New York, accused of being "Son of
Sam," the gunman responsible for six
slayings and seven woundings.
In 1988, President
Reagan signed a measure providing
20-thousand-dollar payments to Japanese-Americans
interned during World War Two.
In 1993, Ruth
Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female
justice on the Supreme Court.
Ten years ago:
Washington DC Mayor Marion Barry was convicted of
a single misdemeanor drug charge and acquitted on
another; the judge declared a mistrial on 12
Five years ago:
Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols were charged
with eleven counts in the Oklahoma City bombing
(McVeigh was later convicted of murder and is on
federal death row; Nichols was convicted of
conspiracy and involuntary manslaughter). Norma
McCorvey, "Jane Roe" of the 1973
Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion,
announced she had joined the anti-abortion group
One year ago: A
gunman opened fire at a Jewish community center
in Los Angeles, wounding three boys, a teen-age
girl and a woman; hours later, a gunman shot and
killed letter carrier Joseph Ileto; a suspect,
white supremacist Buford O. Furrow, faces charges
in both shootings.
"Some people think
that doctors and nurses can put scrambled eggs
back into the shell."
Dorothy Canfield Fisher, American author