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On September 15th, 1963, 11-year-old Denise
and three 14-year-olds: Cynthia
Carole Robertson and Addie
Mae Collins were killed when a dynamite bomb
exploded during Sunday services at the all-black
16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham,
In 1776, British forces occupied New York City
during the American Revolution.
In 1789, the US
Department of Foreign Affairs was renamed the
Department of State.
independence was proclaimed for Costa Rica,
Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and El Salvador.
In 1857, William
Howard Taft -- who served as president of the
United States and as chief justice -- was born in
In 1917, Russia
was proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky,
the head of a provisional government.
In 1935, the
Nuremberg Laws deprived German Jews of their
citizenship and made the swastika the official
symbol of Nazi Germany.
In 1940, during
the Battle of Britain in World War Two, the tide
turned as the Luftwaffe sustained heavy losses
inflicted by the Royal Air Force.
In 1950, during
the Korean conflict, United Nations forces landed
at Inchon in the south and began their drive
In 1959, Soviet
Premier Nikita Khrushchev arrived in the US to
begin a 13-day visit.
In 1989, Pulitzer
Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren, the
first poet laureate of the United States, died in
Stratton, Vermont, at age 84.
Ten years ago:
France announced it would send 4,000 more
soldiers to the Persian Gulf and expel Iraqi
military attaches in Paris in response to Iraq's
raids on French, Belgian and Canadian diplomatic
compounds in Kuwait.
Five years ago:
Hurricane "Marilyn," the third major
storm to batter the Caribbean in less than a
month, hit the Virgin Islands with heavy rains
and 100 mile-an-hour winds. The UN Fourth World
Conference on Women adjourned in Beijing after
approving a wide-ranging platform running the
gamut from promoting inheritance rights to
condemning rape in wartime.
One year ago: One
month after being charged in the United States
with laundering suspected drug payoffs, Mexico's
former top drug prosecutor, Mario Ruiz Massieu,
was found dead in his New Jersey apartment, an
apparent suicide. Gunman Larry Ashbrook opened
fire in a Fort Worth, Texas, Baptist church,
killing seven people and himself.
"God made the world
round so we would never be able to see too far
down the road."
Isak Dinesen, Danish author (1885-1962).