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On September 16th, 1940, Samuel
T. Rayburn of Texas was elected Speaker of the
US House of Representatives.
On this date:
In 1630, the Massachusetts village of Shawmut
changed its name to Boston.
In 1638, France's
King Louis the 14th was born.
In 1810, Mexico
began its revolt against Spanish rule.
In 1893, hundreds
of thousands of settlers swarmed onto a section
of land in Oklahoma known as the "Cherokee
In 1919, the
American Legion was incorporated by an act of
In 1940, President
Roosevelt signed into law the Selective Training
and Service Act, which set up the first peacetime
military draft in US history.
In 1966, the
Metropolitan Opera opened its new opera house at
New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing
In 1974, President
Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for
Vietnam war deserters and draft-evaders.
In 1977, Maria
Callas, the American-born prima donna famed for
her lyric soprano and fiery temperament, died in
Paris at age 53.
In 1982, the
massacre of hundreds of Palestinian men, women
and children by Lebanese Christian militiamen
began in west Beirut's Sabra and Chatilla refugee
Ten years ago:
Iraqi television broadcast an eight-minute
videotaped address by President Bush, who warned
the Iraqi people that Saddam Hussein's
brinksmanship could plunge them into war
"against the world."
Five years ago:
President Clinton voiced support for a Senate
welfare overhaul plan sponsored by Senate
Majority Leader Bob Dole. Shawntel Smith of
Oklahoma was crowned "Miss America" at
the pageant in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
One year ago:
Hurricane "Floyd" hit the Carolinas and
began making its way up the East Coast, damaging
12,000 homes and claiming more than 50 lives even
after it weakened to a tropical storm. In
southern Russia, an explosion described by
authorities as the fourth massive terrorist
attack in two weeks demolished an apartment
building, killing at least 18 people.
"Stoicism is the
wisdom of madness and cynicism the madness of
Bergen Evans, American lexicographer (1904-1978).