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On November 14th, 1900, Aaron
Copland, one of America's leading composers
of the 20th century, was born in New York City.
On this date:
In 1851, Herman Melville's novel
"Moby Dick" was first published in the
In 1881, Charles
J. Guiteau went on trial for assassinating
President Garfield. (Guiteau was convicted and
hanged the following year.)
In 1922, the
British Broadcasting Corporation began its
domestic radio service.
In 1935, President
Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippine Islands a
In 1940, during
World War Two, German planes destroyed most of
the English town of Coventry.
In 1944, Tommy
Dorsey and Orchestra recorded "Opus No.
1" for -CA Victor.
"Apollo 12" blasted off for the moon.
In 1972, the Dow
Jones Industrial Average closed above the 1,000
level for the first time, ending the day at
In 1973, Britain's
Princess Anne married Captain Mark Phillips in
Westminster Abbey. (They divorced in 1992, and
In 1996, Cardinal
Joseph Bernardin, leader of Chicago's 2.3 million
Catholics, died at age 68.
Ten years ago:
President Bush told congressional leaders he had
no immediate plans to go to war in the Persian
Gulf. British commentator Malcolm Muggeridge died
in Sussex, England, at age 87. Simon and Schuster
announced it had dropped plans to publish the
controversial Bret Easton Ellis novel
Five years ago:
The US government instituted a partial shutdown,
closing national parks and museums while
government offices operated with skeleton crews.
US Representative Enid Greene Waldholtz
(Republican, Utah) filed for divorce from her
husband, Joe, who was under federal investigation
for possible campaign financing improprieties.
(Joe Waldholtz spent 22 months in federal
One year ago:
Democrat Bill Bradley took center court at New
York's Madison Square Garden for a $1.5 million
presidential campaign fund-raiser that featured
his old Knick teammates and former basketball
rivals. The United Nations imposed sanctions on
Afghanistan for refusing to hand over suspected
terrorist Osama bin Laden.
"It makes no
difference if I burn my bridges behind me -- I
Fiorello LaGuardia, New York City mayor